Read Full Story Fare increases and service cuts originally proposed by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) to counter a projected $161 million deficit in 2012 would likely have costly consequences and threaten the health of Boston area residents, according to a health impact assessment released March 13, 2012 by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) of Massachusetts. The report was conducted by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH).On April 4, 2012 the MBTA board approved plans, effective July 1, to hold average fare increases at 23% for at least a year, to institute modest service cuts, and tap other one-time funding sources to address the budget deficit for one year. The increase was significantly less than the MBTA’s original proposal earlier this year, which had called for raising most fares an average of 35% to 43% while making deep service cuts.The talk of possible significant fare hikes and service cuts captured the interest of researchers at HSPH and BUSPH. HSPH students Peter James, SD’12, and Mariana Arcaya, SD’13, co-authors of the report, described the findings of their two-month health impact assessment to students, faculty, and guests at a March 26 talk in the FXB building. The talk was sponsored by HealthRoots, an HSPH student group that encourages collaboration and student engagement on public health issues. Jonathan Buonocore, HSPH doctoral student in environmental health, and Jonathan Levy, adjunct professor of environmental health at HSPH and professor of environmental health at BUSPH, also were co-authors.
The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. GAZETTE: Can you talk about the way you have thought about your career as an academic that has taken you far from TED Talks and Tanner Lectures?Oreskes: There’s a lot that’s good and important about sustaining the intellectual enterprise and not having it be driven by short-term considerations, but there’s also a way that academic life can be very ingrown, and inwardly focused, and preoccupied with speaking to “the right people.” What that means often at a place like Harvard is that if people get invited to talk at Princeton, we say yes. But sometimes when you’re working on an issue like climate change, Princeton is not where you’re needed. You’re needed at South Dakota State University. Often people there have interesting things to say because they live in South Dakota and see the world from a different perspective. It makes you a better scholar and a better human being when you engage with people who are viewing the world from a different perspective. So I embrace the opportunity to go to places that other people might not embrace, and I have what I call my Red State Pledge, which is if I get invited to a Red State, I do everything in my power to accept that invitation.When “Merchants of Doubt” came out, we had a wonderful publisher, but when it came time to do a book tour, they were only planning to send us to big cities on the coasts where people buy and read a lot of books. That’s understandable from a business-model standpoint, and if your goal is to simply sell books and get a review in The New York Times, that makes sense. But if your goal is to reach people with a message you think they need to hear, it’s incomplete. I was lucky when “Merchants of Doubt” came out that people wanted to help get the word out. I got a phone call — out of the blue — from a reporter in Manhattan, Kan. He said, “If I can arrange logistics on the ground, would you come to Kansas?” And I said, “Yes, absolutely.” He arranged a three-city book tour for me of Lawrence, Manhattan, and Hays. Hays is serious wheat country. After giving the lecture in Hays, I’m signing books and a woman came up to me and said, “God bless you for coming to Hays.” That moment summarized everything I needed to know about the choices I was making. I’m not going to win a book prize for going to Hays, Kan., but I won a different kind of prize.GAZETTE: In the book you lay out five pillars for how to think about science that can be trusted. How did you come to them?Oreskes: I’m an empiricist, not a theorist: All of my work is based on upon studying the world as it is, in its historical complexity. When I was a scientist, I was the same way. The transition from science to history was easy for me because it involved almost no methodological/intellectual adjustment. I had been an empirical geologist, and in geology the world is really complicated. Theory plays a role in the sense that theory from physics or chemistry or biology constrains the possibilities for what can be happening on the Earth, but you cannot deduce geological processes from the laws of physics or chemistry. So there’s a limit to where theory gets you in geology. Ultimately to understand the Earth you have to go out and look at it and study it. That’s my approach to history as well. I’m very empirical: I don’t assume up front that I know what the structure of something is before I study it. Over the course of 100–150 years, a lot of really smart people thought really hard about what makes science science. They kept trying to come up with the one thing. Essentially my argument is: It isn’t one thing. Letting go of the notion of the one thing is hard in a European-derived culture. Unlike politics or human relationships, science is a success story, so we need an account that both embraces the reality of how complex it appears to be when you look at it, but also can explain how it has been efficacious. I didn’t start out thinking there would be five key elements, but that’s where I got to: consensus, diversity, method, evidence, and values.GAZETTE: You take a writer to task for calling self-reporting “iffy” science. Can you elaborate?Oreskes: The dismissal of self-reporting is a big issue in medicine. It’s one of the reasons why women’s complaints have not been taken seriously. But they should be. If a patient goes to a doctor and says, “I’m depressed and I’ve been depressed since I’ve gone on this medication,” that’s evidence. It might not be an RCT [randomized clinical trial], but it’s still evidence. The writer in question recapitulated that error, saying that previous studies were right to dismiss self-reports as “iffy.” I think that is wrong. This is where it gets personal for me because I got depressed being on the pill. I’m up front with this. I was very lucky that my doctor did not dismiss my self-report. I went off the pill and recovered almost immediately. But imagine the horrible path one could go down being put on antidepressants when the cause of your depression is hormonal contraception. Since I wrote “Why Trust Science?,” I read Hilary Mantel’s memoir “Giving Up the Ghost.” She spent 20 years of her life in pain, being told that her pain was all psychosomatic, being put on antidepressant drugs that made her fat and created all kinds of other side effects. It turns out she had systemic endometriosis, which can spread beyond the reproductive organs. She spent an incredible amount of her time suffering physical pain that her doctors did not take seriously and being mistreated. It’s pretty scary. It makes one wonder how many people are out there suffering because of misdiagnoses, because doctors didn’t take seriously their self-reports? Because self-reports aren’t “hard data.” One thing history tells us is that people sometimes dismiss evidence because it doesn’t fit some notion they have of what should constitute good evidence, and often those judgments are incorrect.GAZETTE: In a chapter about science gone awry, you cite provocative research about dental floss and about sunscreen that lands loudly in the press. So what is the role of media in shaping what science is trustworthy?Oreskes: One thing that happens in the media is the desire to be different, to report something surprising, unexpected. The article in Outside magazine, which claimed that sunscreen is bad for us, had a gotcha, contrarian tone, with a bit of schadenfreude thrown in. It also followed the cliché of the renegade scientist who turned out to be right. Well, sometimes renegades are right, but most of the time they are just renegades.The editors at Outside believe that being outdoors is good for you, and so do I. Being outdoors is good for your overall health, but that doesn’t mean that it’s good to get a sunburn, especially if you are a white person living in a very sunny place. If you think about people who live naturally in those climates, typically they are dark-skinned or they have adaptations to protect themselves. In a way, sunscreen is our adaptation. And there is a large body of data to say that using sunscreen is beneficial. But the magazine ran with a claim based on one very small study, and a second larger study that has not yet been published. That was very irresponsible journalism.Schadenfreude was definitely in play with the dental floss story, which claimed there was very little “solid” evidence to support the conclusion that flossing is good for your health. The journalist who wrote it was obviously very pleased with himself, as if he had unmasked a great dental floss conspiracy.If you know anything about science, you can understand why we don’t have any good studies about flossing. You can’t do a double-blind clinical trial of flossing. You can’t even do a single-blind trial. Most of the time you can’t even get people to floss. This is the point: Nobody likes flossing. So there’s a way in which it was very satisfying to conclude that flossing is no good. The fact is dentists aren’t idiots; they look at teeth every day and they can see that people who floss have healthier gums than people who don’t. That’s evidence, so why would we dismiss it?GAZETTE: How can science be value free?Oreskes: It isn’t! All people have values, and we always will have values. We do the things we do because we care about things. And that’s a good thing. And if you had scientists with no values, that would be truly scary. That’s the Frankenstein myth, Mary Shelley’s argument that if you let science run amok without thinking of the moral consequence of the action you end up with a monster. What people often forget is that Frankenstein is the doctor, the scientist. The monster he creates is called the Monster, but the point of the book is: The science is the monster. We don’t do anywhere near enough to talk about this in our classrooms, or in our research. As a serious question in the practice of science, what are the values driving the science, and are they good or bad? I think that is a conversation we need to have. Just back from sabbatical Naomi Oreskes has published “Why Trust Science?,” a timely book that examines the value of the scientific process of proof and verifiable facts in an era when both are under fire. Though the geologist-turned-history-of-science professor’s field is climate, she turned a critical eye to research ranging from sunscreen to birth control. Oreskes, who has co-authored or edited seven books and has a forthcoming one on Cold War oceanography, talked to the Gazette about the five pillars necessary for science to be considered trustworthy, the evidentiary value of self-reporting, and her Red State Pledge.Q&ANaomi OreskesGAZETTE: “Why Trust Science?” came out of a Tanner Lecture you gave at Princeton three years ago. Why did you feel it needed a broader audience?oreskes: I’ve given more than 100 lectures on climate change over the years. In the past, a lot of my work was about the history of climate science and telling the story of how and why scientists even got interested in this question about whether greenhouse gases would change the Earth’s climate. Part of the point of telling the story this way was to show our concern wasn’t some fad or the latest environmental anxiety. It was something scientists had been tracking for a long time. Many of these scientists weren’t even environmentalists; they were just scientists interested in how the world works, but who realized there was this potential problem. This was increasingly in a context of climate change skepticism, a public that was at best confused about the issue and sometimes in denial.As a speaker and teacher I always try to take questions seriously, but because of the topic, sometimes people are belligerent, sometimes hostile. I can almost tell when a belligerent question is coming. (And I have to say, and this is my empirical experience: They’re always men, almost always over 50-ish, and they stand up using belligerent body language.) So this man stands up in a very aggressive way and tone of voice and says: “Well, that’s all well and good, but why should we believe you or trust the science anyway?” I went home that night and thought: “Yeah, that’s a fair question.” There’s an implicit argument that science is trustworthy, but if a person doesn’t assume science is trustworthy, then my story breaks down. Maybe five years ago I started to begin forming a mental argument. Then I was asked to give a TED talk. It was very successful for a serious intellectual topic. People liked it, but I felt that 18 minutes was, frankly, not enough for a topic of this gravity. Also, the title I had been given, by the TED folks, was “Why Trust Scientists?” Later I realized that title was wrong. It wasn’t about trusting scientists; it was about trusting science as a process, an enterprise, or an activity. So when I was approached about the Tanners, I knew what I wanted to say. “The dismissal of self-reporting is a big issue in medicine. It’s one of the reasons why women’s complaints have not been taken seriously.”
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A retired Nassau County police officer allegedly killed his 65-year-old wife and then spent the weekend with her body in their upstate New York home before the discovery was made, authorities said.Charles Wilkinson was charged with second-degree murder and was ordered held without bail at Saratoga County Jail following arraignment at Town of Malta Court.The 69-year-old is accused of killing his wife, Kathleen, “during a physical domestic dispute” and then “continued to live in the house over the weekend while his wife lay deceased in the bedroom,” prosecutors said in a news release.Deputies from the Saratoga County Sheriff’s Office made the discovery Sunday, when they were called to check the victim, who had not been heard from in several days, after first speaking with the suspect at the couple’s home on Meadow Rue Place in Malta.An autopsy determined that the victim was strangled to death, authorities said.Wilkinson, who retired in 1984, collected a pension of $33,002 last year, records show.
The lop-sided 31-to-10 win at home didn’t come cheap, of course. Key cornerback Antonio Cromartie, who inked a four-year contract during the offseason, suffered what looked like a torn ACL, a season-ending injury, which fortunately turned out to be a very bad knee bruise, but more seriously, Lorenzo Mauldin, a rookie linebacker, looked unconscious lying face down on the field with what could still be a career-altering concussion. He spent the night in the hospital, a mute reminder of the toll this violent sport takes on its athletes.And while we’re still thinking of the Jets, let’s take a moment to check out how well former coach Rex Ryan did up in Buffalo with his new team, the Bills, the only true New York team in the NFL. With Tyrod Taylor his starting QB and Boobie Dixon =) and Karlos Williams on offense, Ryan’s ground-and-pound game plan smothered the Indianapolis Colts, 27-to-14, on a day when their much better known quarterback Andrew Luck was favored to come out on top. As Luck would have it, “They beat us pretty bad.”So after a Sunday when most other New York sports fans had something to cheer about, the Giants extended family were alone in their grief.Reveling in despair and depression has been the typical feeling this time of year for Mets fans used to enduring the waning weeks of the baseball season as the local focus in New York would shift to the Yankees’ likely playoff chances and the start of the NFL and weekend soccer league games.But 2015 has been anything but typical in our sports world. View image | gettyimages.com Giants fans could be forgiven for waking up Monday morning feeling colder than the sudden autumn chill in the air. New York’s pro football team had blown it big time on Sunday Night Football, losing to their division rivals, the Dallas Cowboys, despite having a 6-point lead with minutes to go in the fourth quarter. A season-opening victory in Texas would have made a huge statement for Big Blue.But Coach Tom Coughlin and QB Eli Manning snatched defeat from the jaws of victory, opting to pass on the goal line—shades of the Seahawks’ Super Bowl fiasco last year—and it backfired. Manning’s incomplete pass sailed out of bounds, stupidly stopping the clock, and ultimately giving Cowboys’ QB Tony Romo almost a minute and a half to win the game, 27-to-26.For the Giants, the debacle marked their fifth straight season-opening loss. Adding fuel to the fire, Manning had just signed a four-year, $84 million contract extension before heading to Texas.A Giants’ win would have given them a record equal to the other New York team whose home locker room is the Meadowlands of New Jersey—the triumphant Jets, who flattened the Cleveland Browns in Todd Bowles’ coaching debut for Gang Green.‘ View image | gettyimages.com Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York View image | gettyimages.com In Atlanta, home of the dreaded Braves, the Mets did all they could to play flat and lose, being down by three runs with two outs and two strikes left at the top of the ninth. Not only did Mets second baseman Daniel Murphy tie the game with a three-run homer, the team from Queens did something almost unheard of—at least to long-suffering Mets fans: they swept the Braves. They scored three more runs at the top of the 10th inning, and won the final game of the series, 10-to-7.And so they head home to NYC, with a 9-and-a-half game lead over their nearest division rival, the underachieving Washington Nationals, and talk starts heating up about their playoff rotation for their star pitchers. Did we mention that Sunday’s game—their 82nd victory—gave them their first winning season since 2008?But what about New York City’s other Major League team with playoff hopes, the Yankees? The Bronx Bombers had a chance to regain the division lead over the Toronto Blue Jays this weekend but by Sunday afternoon, the pin-stripers were desperate for a win. Fortunately, for them, they managed to shut down Toronto’s knuckle-ball ace, R.A. Dickey, who endeared himself to a generation of Mets fans when he played in Queens before the trade to Canada. The Yanks shut down the Jays, 5-to-0, keeping them within striking distance of the first place team and, more to the point, still in the wild card hunt.And there, but for a Metro Card, rest the prospects of a Subway Series in October.Let’s not forget the big news in two other sports related to NYC: The Liberty clinched home-court advantage through the WNBA playoffs for the first time at Madison Square Garden, and Novak Djokovic beat tennis favorite Roger Federer before an unfriendly crowd at Arthur Ashe Stadium in Queens, where the U.S. Open holds court within sight of Citi Field. Baseball might be played there later this year than usual, weather permitting.
Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.
Metro Sport ReporterWednesday 11 Dec 2019 2:30 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Advertisement Arteta feels a degree of loyalty to Guardiola but is keen to take over at Arsenal (Picture: Getty)Guardiola has made no secret of his desire to keep Arteta and has hinted that he would be the ideal replacement to take over at the Etihad when he himself eventually leaves.Arsenal are believed to be keen to bring in a manager who has ties to the club, giving Arteta – who used to skipper the side – an advantage, though technical director Edu favours Gunners legend Patrick Vieira.MORE: Frank Lampard backs Carlo Ancelotti ahead of potential Arsenal moveMORE: Arsenal ready to interview 10 men for the manager job as surprise candidates emergeMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City Mikel Arteta wants guarantee from Arsenal board before accepting manager’s job Ljungberg drew with Norwich, lost to Brighton and beat West Ham (Picture: Getty)Former Valencia manager Marcelino reportedly flew into London for talks earlier in the week, while axed Napoli boss Carlo Ancelotti has been linked with an instant return to management with the Gunners.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTArteta, though, is the favourite to get the gig full-time, but The Sun report that he is seeking assurances over the nature of the project at Arsenal before going any further.While he is keen to return to his former club, and become a manager in his own right after several years as Pep Guardiola’s assistant, he wants a guarantee over what is on offer and their plans for the club.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalWhoever takes over at Arsenal faces a testing period, with two of the club’s star players – Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang and Alexandre Lacazette – out of contract in 18 months.Arteta is also conflicted about leaving City and Guardiola midway through the season, particularly with the side struggling in the Premier League and falling 14 points adrift of rivals Liverpool. The Spaniard is one of the main contenders to take over at the Emirates (Picture: Getty)Manchester City coach Mikel Arteta is very interested in taking over at Arsenal but reportedly wants guarantees from the club’s board before engaging in further talks.The Gunners axed Unai Emery at the end of last month after a terrible run of form, with interim boss Freddie Ljungberg finally securing a Premier League victory at the third time of asking to end their two-month barren run.Arsenal are casting their net wide in the hunt for a permanent successor to Emery, with as many as 10 candidates likely to be interviewed. Comment Advertisement
Statement on the Passing of State Representative Florindo Fabrizio July 24, 2018 Press Release, Statement Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf released the following statement on the passing of State Representative Florindo “Flo” Fabrizio, who served in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for 16 years:“Representative Fabrizio’s life was one of passion and he spent his career fighting for the people he represented in Erie. Flo was a loyal and loving husband, father, colleague, friend and representative. He was a personal friend to me and I will never forget his zeal for life, even in his most difficult days. His legacy in Erie and across Pennsylvania will live on for years to come and I encourage all Pennsylvanians to keep him, his family and all those mourning in their thoughts today.” SHARE Email Facebook Twitter
Property – representing 4.8% of the pension fund’s assets – returned 7.2%, with listed real estate generating 9% and exceeding its benchmark by 0.5 percentage points.The scheme’s combined private equity and hedge fund holdings returned 8.7%, leading to a year-to-date return of 15.3%.Since the start of the year, the pension fund’s coverage ratio – discounted against market rates – has increased from 125.3% to 130%, equating to an official coverage ratio of 138.8%. The pension fund said it preferred to use the market rate for its investment and risk policy, as this provided a “better picture of our financial position”. The €23bn pension fund of banc-assurer ING has reported a 6.6% return on investments – including the combined effect of its interest and currency hedge – for the third quarter, resulting in a year-to-date return of 22%. The pension fund’s 75% fixed income portfolio of bonds and interest swaps returned 7.9%, mainly due to currency fluctuations following increased interest spreads between the large economies, it said.The Pensioenfonds ING added that its fixed income holdings returned 27.5% over the first nine months of the year.The scheme said its equity portfolio (16.5%) returned 4.6% in the third quarter, adding that its European investments contributed no more than 1 percentage point of return.
Talking to IPE earlier this month, the Romanian CFA Society warned of a “de-facto nationalisation” of the second pillar by the reform.PensionsEurope called on the Romanian government to “withdraw its plan” for the new capital requirements. Romania’s proposed changes to its second pillar pension system will impose “disproportionate capital requirements” on providers, PensionsEurope has warned. In a strongly worded statement issued jointly with the Romanian pension fund association APAPR, the European pension fund lobby group supported Romanian stakeholders’ recent criticism of the government’s reform plans.“[The] pension reform… envisages new disproportionate capital requirements for pension funds which PensionsEurope finds highly political and devastating for the Romanian pension system,” the statement said.APAPR president Radu Craciun added: “The new 10% capital requirements would mean that pension fund managers need to put aside an additional estimate of €800m, 11 times the current capital requirements and almost twice as much as all fees charged by the pension schemes in the 11 years of operation.” Matti Leppälä, PensionsEuropeImplementing this measure would “devastate the current stability and good results” of the Romanian second pillar’s mandatory defined contribution (DC) plans, said Matti Leppälä, CEO of PensionsEurope.Combined with other reform proposals, this would “destroy Romanian second pillar DC pension plans”, added Leppälä.Over the past decade, Romanian second pillar pension funds have been among the best performers in Europe with over 8% annualised nominal returns after fees, by mainly investing in government debt.Additional criticism came from the Romanian financial market regulator ASF, which warned that the high level of capital requirements “can discourage the administration side of these privately managed pension funds”.This in turn could lead to providers withdrawing from the market, the regulatory body warned.
Jan De Nul has installed the first of ten Siemens wind turbines at the 42MW Tahkoluoto wind farm off Pori, Finland.The company’s heavy-lift jack up Vole au vent is expected to install the second Siemens 4.2MW turbine at the site on Monday evening, 19 June, Suomen Hyötytuuli Oy, the developer of the EUR 120 million wind farm project, said.Last week, Jan de Nul installed all ten gravity base foundations at the wind farm.The turbine installation is scheduled to be completed by mid-July, and the subsea cables are expected to be installed by the end of July.The project is to be commissioned during the autumn of 2017.Tahkoluoto is the world’s first offshore wind farm designed for icy conditions.